Works by werls.
ASCII-portraits of Dwight Eisenhower and Adlai Stevenson made with a UNIVAC in 1957. via (Technically not ASCII since it didn’t exist, but perhaps EBCDIC) h/t: Marcin Wichary
The first close-up photos of Mars were taken with an analogue TV-camera and sent to earth as a grid of numbers. Each number represented a colour so scientists painted by numbers to colourize Mars in 1965. h/t @mwichary
Typewriter map of Africa by the cartographer Daniel Huffman. It was done by resizing a map of Africa into 75×60 pixels, add a shaded relief, categorize each pixel according to intensity, convert it to ASCII, add details in Illustrator, and then type it on a typewriter.
More info and images here.
Heikki Lotvonen‘s reproduction of an 1860’s typographic ornamentation using his own Glyph Drawing software that you can try out here.
(First?) conversion from video to variable font text mode. Made by Toshi Omagari, via @pixelambacht.